The Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Justice-Involved Populations (2013)
FINAL PAPER - Eligibility of Pre-trial Detainees Under The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2011)
- Community Oriented Correctional Health Services (COCHS) has produced a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) document addressing how the Affordable Care Act (ACA) impacts the justice-involved population.
Information Brief: Implications of The Affordable Care Act on People Involved with the Criminal Justice System (Council of State Governments, 2013)
- Patricia Blair, Robert Greifinger, T. Howard Stone and Sarah Somers for the American Bar Association Criminal Justice Section describe the potential impact of the ACA on the segment of the expanded population that intersects with the criminal justice system.
Medicaid and Financing Health Care for Individuals Involved with the Criminal Justice System (Council of State Governments, 2013)
- This brief provides an overview of the implications of the ACA for adults involved with the criminal justice system, as well as information about how professionals in the criminal justice field can help this population access the services now available to them.
Medicaid Policies and Practices in US State Prison Systems (Rosen et al., 2014)
- The appropriate use of federal Medicaid dollars to help expand health care coverage for individuals involved with the criminal justice system presents an opportunity to achieve reductions in state and local spending, while minimizing known health and public safety concerns associated with reentry following incarceration. However, opportunities to maximize and maintain Medicaid enrollment for eligible individuals in this population, and especially to make use of Medicaid to finance certain types of care provided to those who are incarcerated, have been largely underutilized by states. This brief provides an overview of opportunities to expand health care coverage, as well as access to and continuity of care; improve public health and safety outcomes for individuals involved with the criminal justice system; and reduce state and local expenditures on corrections and health care.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
- Rosen, D. L., Dumont, D. M., Cislo, A. M., Brockmann, B. W., Traver, A., & Rich, J. D. (2014). Medicaid Policies and Practices in US State Prison Systems. American journal of public health, (0), e1-e3.
Medicaid is an important source of health care coverage for prison-involved populations. From 2011 to 2012, we surveyed state prison system (SPS) policies affecting Medicaid enrollment during incarceration and upon release; 42 of 50 SPSs participated. Upon incarceration, Medicaid benefits were suspended in 9 (21.4%) SPSs and terminated in 28 (66.7%); 27 (64.3%) SPSs screened prisoners for potential Medicaid eligibility. Although many states supported Medicaid enrollment upon release, several did not. We have considered implications for Medicaid expansion. Published in the American Journal of Public Health.
Special Issue of Health Affairs Focuses on Justice-Involved Population and Implications of the Affordable Care Act (2014, Volume 33, Issue 3)
- H.R. 3590 (111th): Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Center of Excellence Brief Report: Summary of implications of The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 for correction populations (2011)
- Health Affairs, the nation's premier health policy journal, has published a cluster of articles on health and health care for the jail-involved population, with special emphasis on new opportunities for connectivity created by Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act.
Ten Ways to Link Individuals Involved with the Criminal Justice System to Health Insurance: New Resources from the Health Insurance Marketplace
- This document summarizes the implications of Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 Act for the corrections population.
- The Justice Center of the Council of State Governments and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Health Insurance Marketplace highlight a new series of fact sheets designed to help criminal justice stakeholders link individuals in the system to health insurance coverage by offering 10 concrete steps. These materials address basic information about health coverage eligibility and enrollment, as well as special rules that apply to inmates and parolees.
Customized information for
Treatment Alternatives to Incarceration for People with Mental Health Needs in the Criminal Justice System: The Cost-Savings Implications (Vera Institute, 2013)
- This research summary recognizes that the disproportionate number of people with behavioral health disorders involved in the criminal justice system puts a tremendous strain on scarce public resources and has a huge impact on health care and criminal justice budgets. However, it demonstrates that with appropriate treatment and access to community-based services, this population is less likely to be incarcerated and more likely to lead healthy, productive lives—while resulting in substantial costs savings.